Dealing with frontal baldness, also known as a receding hairline, can affect your confidence, causing you to look for a way to prevent and treat the condition.
Regarding frontal baldness, the availability and success rate of treatment will vary depending on the root cause of the hair loss. Rogaine can sometimes help to regrow hair at the front of the head, although the medication is thought to be the least effective in this area of the head.
This article will discuss frontal baldness, why it occurs, and how you can treat or prevent it.
What is minoxidil and how does it promote hair growth?
Minoxidil (brand name Rogaine) is a prescription drug classified as a vasodilator — a type of medication that helps to open the blood vessels. When used as a topical medication, minoxidil can be a powerful treatment for certain types of hair loss.
The exact mechanism of how minoxidil promotes hair growth is not currently known but is believed to have something to do with the drug increasing the size of hair follicles and extending the hair’s growth phase.
Topical minoxidil is primarily intended to treat male and female baldness—a medical condition known as androgenetic alopecia. Androgenetic alopecia is very common, affecting approximately 50% of men, according to the Canadian Dermatology Association. The prevalence of this type of hair loss is less research among women, but at least 40% of women are expected to see signs of thinning hair by age 50.
What causes frontal baldness?
Frontal baldness is a type of hair loss marked by bald or patchy spots at the front of the hairline. This is also referred to as a receding hairline, though there can be more causes for frontal baldness beyond a normal receding hairline that occurs with age.
Let’s quickly look at the potential causes behind frontal baldness:
Mature hairline: A mature hairline — also called a receding hairline — refers to how your natural hairline recedes as you age. This is caused primarily by genetics and hormones. Although there is no cure for a receding hairline, it can be treated with medications.
Frontal fibrosing alopecia:Frontal fibrosing alopecia (FFA) is a type of alopecia that causes hair loss at the front of the head and hairline. It belongs to a category of alopecia known as scarring alopecia which can be difficult to treat. FFA most commonly occurs in people in the post-menopause stage of life. Currently, researchers do not know the cause of FFA.
Traction alopecia: Traction alopecia is a type of alopecia caused by external sources, such as harsh hairstyles or picking at the hair and scalp. Traction alopecia can be treated in various ways, from medications to lifestyle changes.
Can you prevent or treat frontal baldness?
Preventing frontal baldness largely depends on the cause, which can be hard to identify before hair loss occurs. However, there are preventative measures you can take to try and help slow the hair loss process.
Understanding how to prevent and treat hair loss is key to maintaining your healthy head of hair for as long as possible. Keeping this in mind, let’s now look at preventative and treatment options for a receding hairline.
How to prevent a receding hairline
There is no concrete way to prevent a receding hairline. As receding hairlines are highly impacted by genetics, the fate of your hairline is often already written into your DNA. Despite this, not all hope is lost for your hairline. Along with taking medications like Rogaine, you can also consider several alternative therapies and treatments.
These treatments can include:
Finasteride:Finasteride (brand name Propecia) is an alternative oral medication to Rogaine that helps to slow and reverse hair loss. Finasteride is approved for treating hair loss in Canada and requires a prescription.
Platelet-rich plasma therapy:Platelet-rich plasma (PRP) therapy is a type of hair loss treatment in which damaged hair follicles are repaired via plasma injections. These injections are given at the site of hair loss by a trained medical professional.
Laser light therapy: Low-level laser light therapy (LLLT) uses lasers to stimulate hair growth and repair or slow damage to the hair follicles. Studies have shown that LLLT is both safe and effective for promoting hair growth.
Hair transplants: In the event that neither medications nor therapies work for treating your receding hairline, you can also opt to have a hair transplant. Hair transplants take parts of the scalp from areas of the head with thicker hair and move them to areas of hair loss.
Always consult with a healthcare practitioner before beginning any new treatment as there are potential risks, side effects and interactions with other medications that need to be reviewed.
How does Rogaine work?
Rogaine is a topical solution that comes in either a liquid or foam form. When using Rogaine, you will apply the topical solution directly to your scalp and then leave it to dry and absorb.
It can take at least four months of consistent use to begin seeing results in the form of slowed hair loss and hair regrowth. Additionally, Rogaine can temporarily cause increased hair shedding when you first begin using it. Although it may seem counterintuitive, this is a good sign that indicates a new hair growth cycle is starting, and new hairs should begin replacing the old ones.
Does Rogaine help with frontal baldness?
Receding hairlines are typically genetic and affect only the frontal region of the scalp known as the hairline. Though sometimes used as interchangeable terms, male or female pattern baldness is a different condition than a receding hairline.
Although androgenetic alopecia (male/female pattern baldness) can include a receding hairline in its symptoms, it is not always the result of this condition. As such, the effectiveness of Rogaine largely depends on whether or not androgenetic alopecia is the cause of hair loss.
In general, minoxidil is considered to be capable of growing hair anywhere; however, the region where the medication is least effective is the front of the head. Despite this, some evidence suggests that 5% topical minoxidil foam can be effective for hair regrowth in the frontal region of the scalp.
Is Rogaine effective for a receding hairline?
Whether or not Rogaine is effective for a receding hairline is hard to say for certain. Ultimately, the best way to determine whether or not to use Rogaine to treat a receding hairline is to consult with a healthcare practitioner.
They can help you identify the root cause of your hair loss and decide which treatment plan is best for your specific scenario. If you are experiencing frontal baldness, there is a good chance you may also be experiencing hair loss on the crown of your head, which Rogaine can certainly treat.
What to realistically expect from Rogaine
Though sometimes referred to as a magic serum, Rogaine is not the be-all, end-all of hair loss. Along with taking up to 4 months to show results, maintaining your regrowth from Rogaine often requires you to continue the use of the drug.
Rogaine is not a cure for hair loss, so stopping the use of the medication can lead to your hair loss starting up again after some time passes. That being said, when Rogaine works, it really works.
In one observational study of 5% minoxidil, researchers found that 47.8% of the 902 eligible participants found the solution to be effective at promoting hair regrowth. A further 15.9% found it to be very effective and 20.6% found it to be moderately effective. Only 15.7% of this study participants found the solution ineffective.
How to use Rogaine for hair regrowth
To get the most out of your Rogaine prescription, it is crucial to use the medication properly.
First and foremost, you should always follow the dosage instructions provided by your healthcare practitioner. In general, men will apply Rogaine twice a day while women will apply it once.
The standard dosing for Rogaine is half a cap of foam or 1 mL of liquid, though your healthcare practitioner can help you determine the best dose for your needs.
Once you have your dosage figured out, follow these steps:
Thoroughly clean and dry your hair. Rogaine works best on a clean scalp.
Measure out your dose.
Apply either the liquid or foam directly to your scalp.
Rub the solution in with clean hands and fingers.
Rinse off your hands and any areas of your face or neck where the Rogaine may have spread. This will ensure you do not end up with hair growth in unintended areas.
What are the side effects of Rogaine for frontal hair loss?
The side effects of Rogaine can vary, with most being relatively uncommon.
Here are 3 of the most common side effects associated with 5% minoxidil, according to a 2019 study:
Dermatitis: Dermatitis is the medical term for irritated skin and is used to describe irritation to the scalp caused by Rogaine. Dermatitis symptoms can include dryness, swelling, itching, redness, and rashes. Call your healthcare practitioner immediately if you experience more severe symptoms, such as blisters and flaking skin.
Headaches: A well-known side effect of Rogaine is headaches. In most cases, over-the-counter pain medications can help treat a Rogaine-induced headache. If the headaches persist, stop using the medication and contact your healthcare practitioner.
Hypertrichosis: Hypertrichosis is a term that refers to excessive hair growth on the body. This side effect can commonly occur when Rogaine is misused or not properly cleaned up – especially on the face and neck.
Frontal baldness can be a frustrating condition to deal with. Luckily, all hope is not lost for your hairline, as there are several treatment options that may help slow the hair loss process and promote regrowth.